As in any other system, trust in scholarly publishing is shaped by how actors interact with each other. These actors are mostly part of the inner core of the system, such as authors, editors, peer reviewers, publishers, and publishing infrastructure/service providers. In the outer core, we find researchers’ host institutions, including their libraries, indexing agencies, scholarly policymakers, research funders, and publishers’ societies as important actors directly supporting the inner core. And, outside the core is the area where research use takes place and research impact happens, which thus includes public and private sectors uptaking research, including businesses, practitioners, and public policymakers, and the general public at large.

Irfanullah, Haseeb. “Trust in Scholarly Publishing.” The Scholarly Kitchen, 9 Jan. 2024,